Bleeding Gums

Bleeding Gums: Causes and Treatments

Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease (periodontal disease) that primarily affects the gums surrounding your teeth.

It is characterised by inflammation, redness, and tenderness of the gum tissue.

One of the hallmark signs of gingivitis is bleeding gums, particularly when brushing or flossing.

Causes of Gingivitis

  • Poor Oral Hygiene:

The most common cause of gingivitis is inadequate oral hygiene.

Bleeding Gums

When plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, accumulates on your teeth and gums, it can lead to irritation and inflammation. Regularly removing plaque through brushing and flossing is essential to prevent gingivitis.

  • Tobacco Use:

Smoking and tobacco products not only stain your teeth but also increase the risk of gingivitis. The chemicals in tobacco can damage gum tissue, making it more susceptible to inflammation.

  • Certain Medications:

Some medications, such as anticonvulsants and calcium channel blockers, can cause gum tissue to enlarge and become more prone to irritation, leading to gingivitis.

  • Medical Conditions:

Underlying health issues like diabetes and autoimmune diseases can weaken the body’s ability to combat infections, including those in the gums, making individuals more susceptible to gingivitis.

  • Hormonal Changes:

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during pregnancy, menstruation, or menopause, can increase blood flow to the gums, making them more sensitive and prone to inflammation.

Treatment for Bleeding Gums

To effectively address gingivitis and proactively prevent its progression to advanced periodontitis, schedule a professional consultation at Cosmetique Dental. Our initial assessment will encompass a thorough examination of your teeth and gums, coupled with a meticulous teeth cleaning procedure known as scaling.

During the scaling process, our team at Cosmetique Dental may employ various specialised instruments to gently dislodge and eliminate plaque and tartar deposits from your teeth. The extent of plaque and tartar accumulation will determine whether additional follow-up appointments are necessary to ensure complete removal.


Gingivitis is a common and treatable condition that primarily results from poor oral hygiene. Understanding its causes and taking preventive measures are essential steps in maintaining healthy gums and teeth.

By adopting good oral hygiene practices and seeking professional dental care, you can effectively prevent and manage gingivitis, ensuring your smile remains vibrant and free from gum-related issues. Message us today to book an appointment schedule. 

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